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Marburg marburgvirus

The item "Marburg" was named after the location of the first outbreak in 1967 in Marburg.

It was the first filovirus to be identified. First identified filovirus, virus that infect vertebrates.


Filovirus virion

Marburg_Virus_Structure

Outbreaks of Marburg are centered in Africa, where the natural reservoir is believed to be located.

First outbreak in MARBURG and FRANKFURT 7/31, death rate of 23%. Also the lowest death rate recorded.

Worst outbreak in Republic of Angola, 227/252, death rate of 90%.

If a patient survives, recovery is usually prompt and complete, though it may be prolonged in some cases, with inflammation or secondary infection of various organs, including: orchitis (testicles), hepatitis (liver), transverse myelitis (spinal cord), uveitis(eyes), and parotitis (salivary glands).

The vector of this virus in unknown. So far it is known that liquid contactions ( for example: blood) can spread this virus. It is once proved that sex can transmit virus in Germany. 

In Ebola virus and Marburg virus, signs and symptoms typically begin abruptly within five to 10 days of infection. Early signs and symptoms include: fever, severe headache, joint and muscle aches, chills, sore throat, weakness over time. Symptoms become increasingly severe and may include: vomiting, diarrhea (may be bloody), red eyes, chest pain, cough, stomach pain, severe weight loss. Worst situations such as bleeding from the nose, mouth, rectum, eyes and ears are possible. 

There is no specific antiviral therapy indicated for treating Marburg. So far therer are no vaccine provided in the U.S and other countries.

520px-Biohazard symbol.svg
This virus, if studied, is classified in Biosafety level 4. In which that this virus is deadly enough to kill the researcher if he is not wearing his suit.
 

Evidence also had showed that the Soviet Union had used the MARV in offensive biological weapons. 

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